Advanced Environmental Exercise Physiology, Second Edition, offers physiology students and exercise science professionals a complete look at the major topics and debates in the field of environmental physiology. In this second edition, Dr. Stephen Cheung is joined by the coauthor Dr. Phil Ainslie, who has extensive professional expertise in mountaineering and high-altitude physiology and has led numerous high-altitude research expeditions.
Among the issues explored in this text are the effects of heat, hydration, and cold in the thermal environment; diving, altitude training, and other pressure effects on the human system; and the influences that pollution and air quality have on exercise. The text also explores the microgravity (space) environment and chronobiological rhythms. The second edition includes new chapters on heat adaptation and therapy, breath-hold diving, physiological adjustments to acute hypoxia, sex differences in environmental response, and cross-adaptation.
Through Advanced Environmental Exercise Physiology, Second Edition, readers will learn the following:
The initial physiological responses upon exposure to an environment that a person is not adapted to
How the body adapts to repeated exposure to an environment
How various environments affect the ability to exercise and work
Individual variability in response to stressful environments
Countermeasures that people can take to minimize the impact of environmental stressors
Advanced Environmental Exercise Physiology, Second Edition, contains twice the number of figures and illustrations from the previous edition to offer better visualization and explanation of the content. New learning aids include chapter objectives, chapter summaries, and review questions to enhance reader comprehension. Sidebars throughout the text highlight lively areas of current research and debate to stimulate further investigation.
Supported by evidence-based information and numerous references, Advanced Environmental Exercise Physiology, Second Edition, addresses the primary environmental factors affecting people when they are working, exercising, and competing in sport. By linking research with recommendations for real-world situations, this text serves as an invaluable resource for students and professionals alike.
Chapter 1. Fundamentals of Temperature Regulation Heat Balance Equation Models of Thermoregulatory Control Thermal Stress Scales Summary
Chapter 2. Heat Stress The Problem With Heat Mechanisms of Hyperthermia Thermal Perception and Exercise Individual Variability Cooling Strategies Summary
Chapter 7. Breath-Hold Diving Gas Laws Disciplines of Apnea Diving Static Apnea Dynamic Apnea Depth Training Apnea Diving Indigenous Diving Populations Medical Consequences of Apnea Diving Summary
Chapter 8. Diving and Hyperbaric Physiology Physics of Diving Diving Systems Decompression Sickness Inert Gas Narcosis Saturation Diving Summary
Chapter 9. Physiological Adjustments to Acute Hypoxia Normoxia and Hypoxia Physiological Consequences of Exposure to Acute Hypoxia Neurological Effects of Acute Hypoxia Fatigue and Hypoxia Clinical Consequences of Acute Hypoxia Summary
Chapter 10. High-Altitude Physiology Acclimatization High Altitude and the Oxygen Cascade Cardiovascular Response High-Altitude Illnesses Hemoglobin and Oxygen Transport American Medical Research Expedition to Everest Metabolism and Body Composition Adaptation to High Altitude Summary
Chapter 11. Altitude Training and Performance Living-Training Hypoxic Models Genetic Basis of Altitude Performance Hyperoxia Considerations in Applying Altitude Training Summary
Chapter 12. Microgravity and Spaceflight Physiological Responses to Microgravity Microgravity Simulations Spaceflight Countermeasures Extravehicular Activity Physiology Spacesuit Design Summary
Chapter 13. Exercise in Polluted Environments Major Pollutants Air Quality Indices Pollution Effects on Exercise Managing Air Pollution for Athletes Summary
Chapter 14. Chronobiology Nomenclature Circadian Rhythms and the Sleep–Wake Cycle Sleep Sleep Deprivation Transmeridian Travel Fatigue and Jet Lag Summary
Chapter 15. Cross-Adaptation Nomenclature Cold and Hypoxia Cross-Acclimatization Heat and Hypoxia Cross-Acclimatization Other Cross-Adaptation Themes Summary
Chapter 16. Individual Variability: Sex and Age Sex Differences in Thermoregulation Sex Differences in High-Altitude Physiology Children Aging Aerobic Fitness Summary
Stephen Cheung, PhD, is a professor of kinesiology and senior research fellow at Brock University, where his research focuses on the effects of environmental stress on human physiology and performance. He held a Canada Research Chair in Environmental Ergonomics from 2007 to 2017.
Cheung has authored more than 120 articles that explore muscular, cardiovascular, respiratory, neural, metabolic, cognitive, and performance responses to multiple environments, including heat, cold, hydration, and altitude. He has worked extensively with industry and sport organizations to improve health and safety in the workplace, athletic performance, and equipment design. Cheung is also a leader in driving scientific advances in cycling physiology and performance and has published two books on the science of cycling: Cutting-Edge Cycling and Cycling Science.
Philip Ainslie, PhD, is a professor of health and exercise sciences and is the Canada Research Chair and codirector of the Centre for Heart, Lung and Vascular Health at the University of British Columbia in Okanagan.
Ainslie has published more than 300 peer-reviewed scientific articles and has recently coauthored the sixth edition of the textbook High-Altitude Medicine and Physiology. In addition to mechanistic laboratory-based experiments, he leads regular field expeditions to study elite free divers as well as expeditions to high altitude to study acclimatization and adaptation, with a focus on indigenous populations located in the mountainous regions of Tibet, South America, and Ethiopia. Ainslie has won numerous national and international awards for his research and sits on various international scientific leadership and advisory groups; he also currently co-organizes a number of international conferences related to environmental physiology.
“Advanced Environmental Exercise Physiology, Second Edition, bridges the gap between laboratory research and real-world application, providing a definitive and accessible overview of current knowledge in environmental exercise physiology—including rapidly developing areas such as breath-hold diving and heat adaptation.” —Alex Hutchinson, Science Journalist and Author of Endure: Mind, Body, and the Curiously Elastic Limits of Human Performance